The tropical rainforest of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is inhabited by an interesting variety of animal species. However, since so many people pass through the trail daily (which scares off the local fauna) wildlife sightings will be scarce. Even so, we will leave you with a list of the animals you might encounter on the trail, we hope this information will help make your trip to Ciudad Perdida even more fascinating. In the first part of this article we will talk about the species of birds you can see during the Lost City tour.*

Most common birds in the Lost City trail

The sunrise on the trail will be accompanied by a musical concert performed by the infinite species of birds found in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, despite the variety, at the beginning of this article we mentioned that little can be seen, remember that to increase the probability of a sighting someone in the group must know how to identify the bird by its vocalization (sounds).

Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)

It is member of the orioles and grackles’ family. It’s a big bird, easy to identify, its body is mainly black, has a long pointed yellow bill and a yellow tail. Whether you can see this bird or not you surely will see its hanging nests high in the trees, which are woven meticulously reaching up to one meter long.


At least 16 species of hummingbirds can be seen in this area but the most common is the Rufous-tailed hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl), as its name suggests it has a rufous (reddish brick-like color) tail and a red bill, what makes it easier to identify. It is more abundant along the lower part of the trail.

Other species of hummingbirds: White-chinned Sapphire (Hylocharis cyanus), Long-billed Hermit (Phaetornis longirostris), Band-tailed Barbthroat (Threnetes ruckeri).

White-bearded manakin (Manacus manacus)

Even if you cannot see them on the road, perhaps you can hear them in the distance, they emit a sound similar to the clash of several stones, hence they call it “Pistolero” (gunman) locally. In the video you can listen this “inorganic” sound and see one of the birds performing its courtship dance into the bushes (unfortunately it was taken using a smartphone so, the zoom was very limited).


You can find them high up in the trees, or flying over the forest. The most colorful of the species mentioned here is the keel-billed toucan.

Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)

If the most interesting approach to a toucan in your life has been the mascot appearing on a cereal box (as it is my case, sadly) we really hope the stars aligned to give you the chance to have a glance of this beautiful bird. Even when its body is not colorful, “who needs it when your bill has such a dazzling combination of red, green, blue, yellow, orange…” a keel-billed toucan would say us.

Other species of toucans and toucanets: Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus), Emerald Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus).

We will continue our wildlife adventure talking about the amazing insects you can find in the Lost City trail. See you later!

Note: This article is not intended to provide information for experts birdwatchers, we know they need more details than the forementioned.